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88 Terms

1

local history

is defined as the study of history in geographically local context and it concentrates on the community.

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2

historic plaques

one form of documentation of significant occurrences in the past and oral histories are another.

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3

National History

plays a more vital role that others countries' history and therefore students should focus on their native history.

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4

Tunglinh, 2017

"I believe that native history and world history should be taught all over the world because they are of the same importance".

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5

Oral history

is a field of study and a method of gathering, preserving, and interpreting the voices and memories of people, communities, and participants in past events.

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6

Orality

oral history deals with spoken world.

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7

narrative

This second distinguishing features refers to the ways which people make and use stories to interpret the world; in other words, _______ is a form which is used to translate "knowing into telling"

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8

performance

Orality and narrativity take us to a third quality-the recognition that each oral history is a _____________ and the understanding that the meaning of interpretation of the source lies not merely in the content of what is said

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9

subjectivity

student of history taught that all sources are subjective, meaning that they are produced form a particular standpoint and identifying that standpoint aids one's interpretation sources.

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10

Memory

it is use to which oral historians put memory that sets this type of historical research apart.

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11

Mutability

this describes oral history as having the "unfinished nature of a work in progress"

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12

National Museum of the Philippines

One government building which has had a colorful life for more than six decades is the Legislative Building located on P. Burgos Street, only a few blocks from Rizal Park.

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13

National Museum of the Philippines

Where many a bill was lambasted or approved after the third reading, many a national policy initiated and barely survived, where many a budding Filipino parliamentarian bloomed and wilted (some are luckier than others since they merely moved to the new lawmaking building, now called "Batasang Pambansa") the halls of the Legislative Building, more popularly known as "Congress", are now mute reminders of those filibustering days on

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14

1916

the Philippines museum and the Philippine library were merged and renamed the Philippine Library and Museum although no actual transfer of the materials took place under the Bureau of the Science on

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15

1928

the National Museum of the Philippines was recreated and placed under the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources on

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16

1933

the National Museum was abolished as a separate bureau and its activities and functions were distributed to three different divisions on

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17

1939

an administrative order changed the name of the National Museum Division to Natural History Museum Division, still under the Bureau of Science on

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18

Walls of Intramuros

It is now undergoing feverish restoration, wear the crown of ese and dignity. The oldest and most fascinating of the country's national monuments, fese walls around what was then the City of Manila were first built in 1574 by the Spanish Governor- General Miguel Lopez de Legazpi who is known as the «Adelantado of the
Philippines."

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19

Nuestea Señora de Guia

Jesuit Fr.
Antonio Sedeño and Governor Santiago de Vera (1584-1590) built the first stone fort with local adobe called ________, on the southern site where the Chinese corsair Limahong landed to attack.

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20

Governor-General Gomez Perez Dasmariñas.

The building of the now famous stone walls (including Fort Santiago) was the handiwork of ________________

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21

145 long years

A total of _________ were spent in building these walls - Manila's most fascinating monument.

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22

Ateneo de Manila University

Originally a free school supported by donations from wealthy families, the municipality of Manila then took charge of it. Supplementing with municipal funds what charity could not supply.

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23

Escuela Municipal de Manila

The school was thereafter known by the name of _____________, the forerunner of Ateneo De Manila.

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24

primera ensenanza
segunda ensenanza

The course counted three years of _______; five years of __________ which included history, classic, sciences, philosophy and special courses in music and the arts.

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25

Dr. Jose Rizal

Considered Ateneo's premier alumnus, then a perspective 11-year-old boy, entered Ateneo in 1872 for the Bachelor of Arts Degree.

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26

1932

As Fr. Leo Cullum recalls, it was in _____ when the Ateneo de Manila in Intramuros transferred to Padre Faura after a disastrous fire hit it. Now the seminary, Colegio de San Jose, transferred to the San Ignacio Convent in the Walled City and the novices to Santa Ana.

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27

1951

the entire college and high school departments were transferred to Lovole Heights Quezon City three years after which the Grade School followed suit. Meanwhile the Law School building was erected on Padre Faura.

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28

Mabini Shrine

In the 1900's after this gaunt, intense lawyer had issued a series of incendiary essays against the Americans (some of which found their way to Hong Kong and the United States), his fame spread not only among his people but also among foreign newspaper correspondents.

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29

Mabini's house

In this house in Nagtahan his voice directed the nationwide resistance, and though frail of materials and sparse in possessions, ________ reflected the brave and unyielding spirit of his adviser of Emilio Aguinaldo and the First Republic.

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30

Kadayawan Festival

It is a yearly celebration in the city of Davao in the Philippines. ig name is derived from Davaoeños" friendly greeting "Madayaw".
°, culled from the word
"dayaw", meaning good, valuable, superior or beautiful.

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31

Kadayawan Festival

This festival is a celebration of life, a thanksgiving for the gifts of nature, the wealth of culture, the bounties of harvest and serenity of living. It is observed every third week of August.

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32

Manama ( Supreme being)
Bulan ( moon deinty)

This ritual serves as their token of gratitude to the gods particularly to the _________and _________that the first gathering was on a night of a fill moon.

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33

Davao River Festival

It revived recently, features the fluvial parade along DaWoW AMAZING (avao) River showcasing colorful floats of
various tribes.

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34

Sayaw Mindanaw

Davao City takes pride of its tribal and ethnic roots. Each of the 11 tribes has its own set of dances, rituals, and customs. These are showcased in the dance competition.

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35

Lumadnong bantawan

The indigenous people of Davao City offer performances" that depict the life, history, culture, and numerous talents. Each of the tribes is given the chance to offer the performance of a lifetime in different timeslots and
location in a series of shows.

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36

Tunog Mindanaw

This is a songwriting competition open to the public but focuses on the unique sounds and instrumentations of the region. Songwriters create Mindanao-inspired music that gives you à glimpse of the rich culture of Davao City and its neighbors.

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37

Hiyas sa kadayawan

The tribes pick their most talented and beautiful women to make love with them, a search for that distinctive indigenous young lady who is knowledgeable of her native culture and wisdom through a pageantry of Mindanaoan myths and legends. These gorgeous women will also join the parade
and shower smiles.

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38

Indak-Indak sa Kadalanan

This street parade is a must-see in the festival. with the city's major thoroughfares closed off to traffic for the entire event. This colorful parade features graceful dancers decked in splendid, colorful costumes and dancing to the beat of ethnic-inspired music.

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39

Pamulak sa Kadalanan

brings parades to a whole new level, introducing a colorful parade of majestic floral floats that offer a wide range of stunning designs and intricate craftsmanship. The event was designed to showcase the beautiful flowers and abundant vegetation grown across the city.

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40

Pahiyas Festival (Lucban, Quezon)

It is gaining popularity not just from the town folks of Quezon, but even residents from the metropolitan cities, find their way to join the colorful feast celebrated every 15th of May. The celebration is in honor of San Isidro Labrador, the patron saint of farmers. The farmers of Lucban, Quezon express their thanksgiving for a bountiful harvest with a grand display of colorful rice wafers, fruits, vegetables, and handicrafts adorning every house in the town.

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41

Pahiyas Festival

It is an ancient celebration dating back to the 16th century. Legends have it that San Isidro Labrador magically plowed the field every time he went out of the church. This story was passed on by the Spaniards to the Filipinos during the colonial period.

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42

"precious things"
"Jewel"

The word "pahiyas" means __________ as connoted by the root word "hiyas" which means _________.Since then, the people of Lucan and nearby towns and provinces excitedly await the summer month of May when Pahiyas Festival is held.

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43

Seludong/Selurong

The official name of Manila under its Malay aristocracy was

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44

Maynil

the city became known by the name given to it by its Tagalog inhabitants

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45

1565

Manila became the seat of the colonial government of Spain when it gained sovereignty over the Philippine Islands in

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46

Intramuros

the fortified walls of Old Manila

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47

the Treaty of Paris (1898)

In 1898, Spain ceded control of the Philippines after over three hundred year of colonial rule to the United States after

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48

Manila

It was the second most destroyed city in the world after Warsaw, Poland during World War II.

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49

Dr. David Zorc and Dr. Robert Blust

linguists that speculate that the Tagalogs and other Central Philippine ethno-linguistic groups originated in Pampanga.

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50

Laguna Copperplate Inscription

the Philippines' oldest extant written document,

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51

Mariano A. Henson's genealogical research (later brought up by Majul in 1973, and by Santiago in 1990)

According to __________, a settlement in the Maynila area already existed by the year 1258.

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52

Rajah Avirjirkaya

a "Majapahit Suzerain"

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53

Gintu ("The Land/Island of Gold")

known as Suvarnadvipa by its neighbors or

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54

1595

Manila was decreed to be the capital of the Philippines in

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55

1869

Opening of Suez Canal

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56

July 3 1892

Rizal founded La Liga Filipina

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57

July 7 1892

Bonifacio founded the Katipunan

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58

1898

American troops invaded Manila in _______ and waged war with the Spaniards and Filipinos in the Spanish-American War and the Philippine-American War.

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59

Battle of Manila Bay, May 1, 1898

The American Navy, under Admiral George Dewey defeated the Spanish squadron in

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60

Emilio Aguinaldo

proclaimed the First Philippine Republic at the Malolos Congress and had begun to build the foundations for an independent nation

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61

Arsenio Lacson

the first elected mayor of Manila in 1952

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62

National Historical Commission of the Philippines (NHCP)

is the primary government agency responsible for history and has the authority to determine all factual matters relating to official Philippine history.

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63

19 June 1861

Jose Rizal was born on

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64

National Artist Juan F. Nakpil

Museo ni Jose Rizal was reconstructed in 1950 by

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65

Museo ni Aguinaldo

is a National Shrine of the Philippines located in Kawit, Cavite in the Philippines, where the Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain was declared

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66

June 12 1898

Philippine Declaration of Independence from Spain was declared on

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67

Emilio Aguinaldo

officially the first President of the Philippines
the only president of the First Philippine Republic

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68

March 22 1869

Aguinaldo was born on

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69

September 21 1898

The Declaration of Independence was ratified by the Malolos Congress on

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70

Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista

the author of The Declaration of Philippine Independence

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71

through his writings (he became known by his pen name, Plaridel),
and by organizing local communities against candidates of the friars.

Del Pilar did advance the goals of the Propaganda Movement in two ways:

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72

Governor-General Ramon Blanco

Del Pilar was called "the most dreadful of the Filipino politicians, the true voice of the separatists, very superior to Rizal." by

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73

30 August 1850 in Sitio Cupang, Barrio San Nicolas, Bulakan, Bulacan

Marcelo H. Del Pilar (Plaridel) was born on

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74

Diariong Tagalog

In 1882, Del Pilar established the nationalist newspaper

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75

avoid arrest and imprisonment

In October 1888, del Pilar left for Spain to

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76

the editor of the reformists' bi-monthly paper, La Solidaridad

In November 1889, del Pilar succeeded Lopez-Jaena as

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77

The Kataastaasan, Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan (KKK),

a clandestine movement aiming to gain independence from Spain through armed means founded on 7 July 1892

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78

Idaw

Most common is this dance depicts the hunting ritual performed before a tribal war. The tribe's men would go out and look up and watch for the scared Idaw bird. Which is said to lead the tribe to victory.

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79

Banga

This dance displays the Igorot women on their way to the river to fetch the daily water supply for their familys.

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80

Idudu

You can see in the dance how the women will take the bamboo baskets in a shaking fashion like drying the rice, while the men are going in circles in background like they are toiling the land.

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81

Ragsaksakan

means Merriment
This dance would be performed after a successful headhunt and also for a peace pact between warring tribes.

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82

Singkil

recounts the epic legend of the "Darangan" of the Maranao people of Mindanao.

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83

Pangalay

a dance that emphasizes the agility of the upper body.
commonly performed at weddings and other social gatherings.

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84

Asik

performed by a solo maiden, adorned with fine beads and make up, long head scarf. She would dance to win the favor of her Sultan master.

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85

Sayaw sa Banko

This dance is native to Pangasinan and demands skill from its performers who must dance on top of a bench roughly six inches wide.

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86

Tinikling

It is considered the national folk dance with a pair of dancers hopping between two bamboo poles held just above the ground and struck together in time to music.

Originated from Leyte Province, this dance is in fact a mimic movement of "tikling birds" hopping over trees,

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87

Maglalatik

Originally performed in Laguna as a mock-war dance that demonstrates a fight between the Moros and the Christians over the prized latik or coconut meat during the Spanish rule, this dance is also shown to pay tribute to the town's patron saint, San Isidro, Labrador.

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88

Traditional Tattooing

consists of pricking the skin with a sharpened steel or wooden stick deep in a charcoal and an example of our indigenous practices.

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